This book overviews and reconsiders media organizations - the news agencies - which report and film the news for the press and broadcast media. Incorporating institutional, historical, political economic and cultural studies perspectives, the book: reviews agency provision of general news, video news and financial news; analyzes agency-state relations through periods of dramatic social upheaval; and critically examines the impact of deregulation and globalization on the news agency business. Contributors consider how leading players like Reuters and Associated Press help to define the nature of both the Global and the Local as well as focusing on the network of relations between international and national agencies. The book
Part I: News Agencies as Agents of Globalization
Part I introduces the print-based, financial and television news agencies, and discusses their development and present status in relation to the questions which globalization theories have raised and thus introduces new approaches to analysis of the relationship between globalization and news agencies. In chapter 2 Oliver Boyd-Barrett traces the development of the major global agencies (Reuters, AP, AFP) from their origins until the present day by asking whether they and the global news system of which they are the centre are significantly different from their predecessors (the British Reuters, the French Havas and the German Wolff) that monopolized the world's news market, dividing it between themselves, some 100 to 150 years previously? ...