The new edition of this award-winning volume reflects the latest events in the in global environmental politics and sustainable development, while providing balanced coverage of the key institutions, environmental issues, treaties, and policies. The book highlights global environmental institutions, major state and non-state actors, and includes a wide range of cases such as climate change, biodiversity, hazardous chemicals, ozone layer depletion, nuclear energy and resource consumption.

Free Trade and Environmental Protection

Free Trade and Environmental Protection
Daniel C. Esty

No mention of the word environment appears in the original General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)—the central pillar of the international trading system—put into place just after World War II. At that time, no one saw much connection between trade liberalization and environmental protection. For the next forty years, trade and environmental policy makers pursued their respective agendas on parallel tracks that rarely, if ever, intersected. Beginning in the 1990s, however, trade and environmental policy making increasingly appeared to be linked, and the two realms often seemed to collide. Environmental advocates have come to fear that freer trade means increased pollution and resource depletion and, more generally, that ...

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