Retaining the focus and the spirit of the acclaimed First Edition, The Drug Legalization Debate, Second Edition, addresses the major issues involved in the continuing drug legalization debate - including deterrence, treatment, education, and prevention. It also examines drug use trends at the end of the millennium, the use of cannabis as a wonder drug and a look at whether legalizing drugs would really reduce violent crime.
Chapter 2: Alternative Perspectives on the Drug Policy Debate
Alternative Perspectives on the Drug Policy Debate
Although the term “War on Drugs” was first coined by the Nixon Administration in 1970 to 1971, it was not until the Reagan administration in the 1980s that the term became widely used. The designation seemed particularly applicable amidst the era's zero tolerance drug policy and interdiction efforts. As the Reagan administration began, illegal drug use stood at historic highs; it was likely that as many high school seniors were using marijuana annually as tobacco (Johnston, O'Malley, & [Page 10]Bachman, 1997). Large proportions of the youth and young adult populations as well as government officials were calling for the legalization of marijuana (DuPont, 1979). Reactions to these use levels ...