Focusing on ethical decision making, this compelling book shows how to develop a deeper personal understanding of cultural differences and strengthen equitable practices in schools and districts.

Barrier 1: Systems of Oppression
Barrier 1: Systems of oppression

One barrier to overcome when moving toward cultural proficiency is various systems of oppression. We need to recognize and dismantle historical forms of oppression that are operational in schools. Schools can, by tradition, institutionalize sexism, racism, ethnocentrism, ableism, and homophobia, to list a few, through organizational policies and practices. The persistence of the well-documented academic educational achievement gap (Delpit, 1995; Fullan, 2003; Perie, Moran, & Lutkus, 2005) gives evidence of the lingering affects of these systems as woven into the fabric of schools.

In Chapter 1, we presented the questions below as Barbara Campbell prepared to audit the Oakland Hills School District. Read them again as you prepare to analyze the two cases that follow: A Superintendent's ...

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