Research is a vital and often daunting component of many counselling and psychotherapy courses. As well as completing their own research projects, trainees across modalities must understand the research in the field – what it tells them and how to do it. Breaking down this seemingly mountainous task into easy to swallow pieces, this book will navigate your students through each stage of the research process, from choosing a research question, through the pros and cons of different methods, to data analysis and writing up their findings. Written by leading contributors from the field including John McLeod, Mick Cooper and Tim Bond, each chapter features points for reflection, engaging activities and suggestions for further reading, helping students to engage with all aspects of research. An original graphic narrative runs throughout the book, bringing this complex topic to life in a unique way. Whether embarking on research for the first time or already a little familiar with research and research methods, this unique guide is something counselling and psychotherapy students will turn to continually throughout their research projects.

How to use t-tests to explore pre-post change

How to use t-tests to explore pre-post change
How to use t-tests to explore pre-post change
Elspeth Twigg(Independent Research Consultant and Data Analyst)Paul Redford(UWE Bristol)
Introduction

Having taken a broad look at quantitative methods in Chapter 10, we now move on to look in more detail at one of the most frequently encountered statistical tests when comparing two samples: the t-test. You may already be using outcomes measures with clients and, if not, then you may perhaps do so in the future. Outcome measures can be very useful in looking at individual client change but this utility can be extended to investigate whether scores for groups of clients differ in terms of specific criteria, as discussed in Chapter 10. We shall look in more detail below at ...

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