Research is a vital and often daunting component of many counselling and psychotherapy courses. As well as completing their own research projects, trainees across modalities must understand the research in the field – what it tells them and how to do it. Breaking down this seemingly mountainous task into easy to swallow pieces, this book will navigate your students through each stage of the research process, from choosing a research question, through the pros and cons of different methods, to data analysis and writing up their findings. Written by leading contributors from the field including John McLeod, Mick Cooper and Tim Bond, each chapter features points for reflection, engaging activities and suggestions for further reading, helping students to engage with all aspects of research. An original graphic narrative runs throughout the book, bringing this complex topic to life in a unique way. Whether embarking on research for the first time or already a little familiar with research and research methods, this unique guide is something counselling and psychotherapy students will turn to continually throughout their research projects.
Introduction to research methodology
Research is a systematic and rigorous quest for knowledge. It is embedded in a particular understanding and set of assumptions about the nature of carrying out research, a topic which is the subject of the philosophy of science (see Information box 6.1 for the definition of the philosophy of science). Different approaches to the understanding of reality (ontology) and ways of knowing (epistemology) developed into research paradigms (prevailing ways of thinking) and particular methodologies.
This chapter provides you with an overview of different research paradigms and how they are expressed in terms of current quantitative and qualitative research methodologies. It introduces you to the essential features of quantitative and qualitative methodologies (formulation of the research ...