NEW TO THIS EDITION: Four new chapters focus on: 1) the Counselor, 2) people of Jewish descent, 3) people of European descent, and 4) social justice. Throughout, there is greater attention to a discussion of whiteness New data on genetic markers is provided along with connections to the origin of human beings Information from counseling psychology on counseling competency benchmarks are included across several chapters New text boxes add visual interest and clarify material in the form of knowledge boxes, self-check boxes, and definition boxes Recent events, such as the APA’s involvement with enhanced interrogation and the Hoffman report, the confederate flag in South Carolina, and legalization of same-sex marriage in all 50 states are discussed More attention to events within the counseling and psychology professions such as which mental health professionals can receive reimbursement from Medicare, which states have initial levels of licensure for professional counselors, and in which states psychologists have prescriptive authority Expanded focus on veterans and Alzheimer’s included in the chapter on disability A greater focus on millennials in this edition Updated definitions regarding gender and sexuality Updated census data are provided KEY FEATURES: Readers get an authentic snapshot of multicultural counseling as it happens. Integration and application of the material is accomplished through a realistic case study in each chapter that emphasizes a variety of counseling skills. The diversity across world cultures come alive in the Storytelling feature that appears in each chapter, honoring the powerful oral tradition of storytelling. Readers see how the ideas explored can help clinicians improve their cultural competence and strengthen the therapeutic alliance. Individual chapters cover people from various backgrounds, cultures, and ethnicities, including people with disabilities; transgendered clients; people with substance use, and people across the developmental pipeline. Attention is given to therapists who do and do not exhibit cultural competence; the positive and adverse impact on patients is explored.
TOPICS COVERED IN THIS CHAPTER
Definitions of spirituality and religion are provided. Spirituality as a component of diversity, as an identity construct, and as an integral part of the therapy process are discussed.
Spirituality and Religion Defined
Religion and spirituality are interrelated, but important differences exist. Religion comes from the Latin root religio, which means a “bond between humanity and the gods” (Ingersoll, 1995, p. 11). “Religion is the practice of one’s beliefs with respect to a higher being. Involved are behaviors, rituals, and routines related to the worship [Page 362]experience” (Robinson & Watt, 2001). ...