The Contours of Police Integrity is the only book that examines police corruption and police integrity across cultures. Editors Carl B. Klockars, Sanja Kutnjak Ivkovich, and M. R. Haberfeld begin with an introduction to the issues surrounding police integrity, followed by chapters that focus on the critical cultural, political, and historical conditions that influence police conduct in fourteen different countries. Based on the largest systematic survey of police integrity ever conducted, this innovative text illustrates how officers in different cultures regard various types of corruption, how severely they think transgressions should be punished, and how willing they are to come forward to report infractions. Designed as a supplemental text for police administration and management, ethics in criminal justice, comparative criminal justice, and comparative policing courses at both the graduate and undergraduate level, The Contours of Police Integrity is also an indispensable resource for regional policing institutes and police training academies.
Chapter 7: Police Integrity in Hungary: How the Police Have Adapted to Political Transition
Police Integrity in Hungary: How the Police Have Adapted to Political Transition
To understand the integrity-related challenges the Hungarian police are facing in the 21st century, we need to focus on the transition process from Communism to the more democratic structures occurring in the society at large. Prior to the 1990s, the police served the ruling Communist regime. As a consequence, animosity developed between the police and the public. Despite denials of its existence by the official regime, police corruption was widespread and only added to the widening of the gap between the police and the citizens. In 1990, after the collapse of Communism, the expectations of the police—the enforcement tool of the previous ...