The Contours of Police Integrity is the only book that examines police corruption and police integrity across cultures. Editors Carl B. Klockars, Sanja Kutnjak Ivkovich, and M. R. Haberfeld begin with an introduction to the issues surrounding police integrity, followed by chapters that focus on the critical cultural, political, and historical conditions that influence police conduct in fourteen different countries. Based on the largest systematic survey of police integrity ever conducted, this innovative text illustrates how officers in different cultures regard various types of corruption, how severely they think transgressions should be punished, and how willing they are to come forward to report infractions. Designed as a supplemental text for police administration and management, ethics in criminal justice, comparative criminal justice, and comparative policing courses at both the graduate and undergraduate level, The Contours of Police Integrity is also an indispensable resource for regional policing institutes and police training academies.
Chapter 2: Ethics and the Police: Studying Police Integrity in Austria
Ethics and the Police: Studying Police Integrity in Austria
Austria is a democratic republic and, since January of 1995, a member of the European Union. Covering an area of 84,000 square kilometers, Austria is a relatively small country that is situated in the heart of Europe (Austria Facts and Figures, 2000, pp. 6–8). Out of its 8 million inhabitants, 750,000 are foreign nationals (Austria Facts and Figures, 2000, p. 22). Austria's capital, Vienna, is situated in the Eastern part of the country and has a population of nearly 2 million, of which 350,000 are foreigners.
The Austrian Police are headed by the Federal Ministry of the Interior. They are divided into: (1) the federal police, which operate ...