The Contours of Police Integrity is the only book that examines police corruption and police integrity across cultures. Editors Carl B. Klockars, Sanja Kutnjak Ivkovich, and M. R. Haberfeld begin with an introduction to the issues surrounding police integrity, followed by chapters that focus on the critical cultural, political, and historical conditions that influence police conduct in fourteen different countries. Based on the largest systematic survey of police integrity ever conducted, this innovative text illustrates how officers in different cultures regard various types of corruption, how severely they think transgressions should be punished, and how willing they are to come forward to report infractions. Designed as a supplemental text for police administration and management, ethics in criminal justice, comparative criminal justice, and comparative policing courses at both the graduate and undergraduate level, The Contours of Police Integrity is also an indispensable resource for regional policing institutes and police training academies.
Chapter 15: Police Integrity in the United States of America
Police Integrity in the United States of America
The single most distinctive feature of policing in the United States is the extent to which it is decentralized. The best information available suggests that as of 1997, some 741,000 sworn police officers were employed by 18,700 independent U.S. towns, cities, counties, states, and special entities such as transit systems, schools, and airports (U.S. Department of Justice, 2000). We may add to these state and local totals an additional 75,000 police officers employed in 31 federal agencies. Although the exact number of police officers and police agencies is unknown—even the 1997 figure was based on a sample—it is a reasonable estimate that in 2002 policing in the ...