This book examines the reasons why children ultimately leave home to live on their own and how the pattern has changed throughout the 20th century. The authors make use of data from the National Survey of Families and Households to: construct patterns for when children leave home; and establish the most important criteria for leaving home amongst different groups in the United States - men, women, blacks, hispanics, whites, and different religious groups and social classes.
Chapter 7: Sons and Daughters
Sons and Daughters
Among the most dramatic family changes of the 20th century are those linked with the ongoing gender revolution. Women's roles outside the home have been transformed with the ubiquitous growth in their employment in offices and factories, in the professions, and in technical jobs. This expansion of work-related activities has occurred among both married and single women and includes those with and without young children at home. Research has documented that there has been an overall increase in the labor force participation of women from around 20 percent to more than 50 percent over the 20th century and a 10-fold increase among married women between 1890 and 1980, starting from a low of 5 percent (Goldin 1990, Table 2.1).
The growth ...