Michael Fullan and other notable experts present a cohesive model of tri-level reform—school, district, and state educators collaborating to build and strengthen capacity for change.

Breakthrough Components

Breakthrough components

A breakthrough will be achieved when virtually all students are served well by the public education system. This can happen only when the pieces required for systemic success are creatively assembled in the service of reform that touches every classroom.

In Senge's (1990) system thinking terms, schools currently have a lot of the needed “inventions,” but not enough derivative innovations. Senge states that an invention or a new idea “becomes an innovation only when it can be replicated on a meaningful scale at practical costs” (pp. 5–6). He elaborates:

When an idea moves from an invention to an innovation, diverse “component technologies” come together. Emerging from isolated developments in separate fields of research, these components gradually form an “ensemble” of technologies that are critical ...

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