Learn about the brain from some fine minds in education
The Best of Corwin series showcases key chapters from critically acclaimed Corwin publications for a powerful compilation of perspectives on important education issues and topics. Featuring the works of recognized pioneers in the nascent field of educational neuroscience, this cutting-edge collection show show to apply current brain research to teaching and learning. The book is divided into three parts: The Developing Brain, The Brain in School, and Instructional Strategies for Every Brain. Chapter topics include: Brain structures and development from birth through adolescence; What causes the brain to pay attention and remember; How the brain learns to read and calculate; Differences between the male and female brain; The social and academic needs of students with learning ...
Chapter 8: Calming the Brain
Calming the Brain
Anything a Learner Perceives as Stressful Is!
The human brain's prime purpose is survival, the secondary purpose is meeting emotional needs, and the third is cognitive learning (Carter, 1998). Although some stress is necessary in the classroom as a motivator, only when high stress is minimized will the brain allow cognitive learning to take place (Dispenza, 2007; Howard, 2000).
High stress is a barrier to learning. It sends signals to the amygdala, the “flight and fight” response center in the brain, and reduces flow to the thalamus, which receives input from all senses except smell (Howard, 2000; Kutolak, 1997).
Stress reduces blood flow to the prefrontal cortex, the center for common sense and decision making (Jensen, 2006; Sapolsky, 1998). This is why ...