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Chapter 19: Prediction and Design
Prediction and Design
The logical culmination of geomorphology/landform science is towards prediction and design, and for both practical and scientific reasons prediction capability is the essential benchmark of scientific quality. Although a ‘forecast’ is sometimes restricted to prediction in time, ‘prediction’ is used more generally. But for a variety of reasons forecasting or prediction in geomorphology is difficult and only partially possible in limited circumstances. This chapter first explores conceptually why this is so, and the technical matters that are important where forecasts, hind-casts (where relationships are tested in relation to historically-framed data sets) or novel field, numerical and laboratory ‘experimental futures’ can be made. Design has been reinvigorated by a ‘design with nature’ philosophy, embraced by landscape architecture and by ...