- Subject index
Amplify your assessment literacy. Formative, data-driven, high-stakes–we all know the buzzwords surrounding educational testing. But often times we shelve our understanding of these terms because we think they are overwhelmingly complex. After all, isn’t that why we have “experts” crafting assessments? Those who care about our schools and students–teachers, administrators, policymakers, parents, citizens–will find The ABCs of Educational Testing the first accessible explanation of how and why having a fundamental understanding of educational testing is so important. Inappropriate tests are currently leading to harmful decision-making, and this book gives you everything you need to know to change that, including • The purposes of tests • The difference between and importance of reliability and validity • How to build tests with fairness • The importance of students’ affect Using a nontechnical and conversational approach, this book offers fundamental knowledge to free you from testing fogginess–all framed around practical actions you can take today to strengthen your assessment literacy for tomorrow.
Chapter 6: Fairness in Testing : A Long Time Coming
Fairness in Testing : A Long Time Coming
When testing children, as in all realms of human endeavor, fairness is laudable—unfairness is lamentable. We praise what is fair, we deride its opposite. Interestingly, in educational testing it was not always thus.
Although today’s architects of educational tests, especially the architects of high-stakes educational tests, understand all too well the perils of creating an unfair test, the architects of yesteryear’s educational tests were—with precious few exceptions—essentially unaware of the fairness with which their tests were measuring students’ abilities. I know this sounds implausible—particularly when we are so often reminded these days of the lack of fairness in many education areas—but if you turn back the time clock about three decades, ...