The increasing influence of digital media on all aspects of life, especially the use of Internet and smartphone, has not left even the field of healthcare practice untouched. Telerehabilitation, implying the use of telecommunications in rehabilitation activities, is being used widely in the treatment of communication and mental health disorders. The use of telerehabilitation services makes rehabilitation more feasible, fast, time-saving and cost-effective for people who face constraints in physically presenting themselves to healthcare providers due to extent of retardation, illness or commuting issues. It is thus a boon for the people who stay in remote areas and have no access to healthcare professionals in close vicinity. Therefore, research is underway on the optimal means to deliver telerehabilitation services both locally and globally and is now seen as a critical activity in healthcare.
Chapter 1: Telerehabilitation: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges
According to the Census of India, there are 26.81 million people with disabilities who constitute 2.21 per cent of the total population. Out of the total persons with disabilities, 1.5 million (5.61%) have mental retardation/intellectual disability and 1.99 million have speech-related disability (Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India 2013). However, a new World Bank report on disability in India shows increasing evidence of people with disabilities which comprise between 5 and 8 per cent of the Indian population (O'Keefe 2007). It is also estimated that 15 per cent of the world's population has some form of disability (World Health Organization 2011). The application of TR offers ...