Information and communication technologies are said to be transforming urban life dramatically and bringing about rapid economic and cultural globalization. This book explores the many fascinating and urgent issues involved by relating advanced theoretical debates to practical matters of communication with cultural policy. It maps out a range of ‘optimistic’ and ‘pessimistic’ scenarios with special regard to various forms of inequality, particularly class, gender and geo-political inequalities. The sheer pace of change is difficult to track yet the expert contributors to this volume all offer insights and essential guidance to what is going on. There are chapters on urban planning, virtual cities and actual cities, economic and political policy, and critical social analysis of current trends that are of momentous consequence.
The book concludes that neither technological determinism nor economic determinism satisfactorily account for information and communication technologies and urban development. Instead, it is necessary to bring together a number of differently informing approaches, cultural, economic, political and technological, to make sense of a field of dynamic and contradictory forces.
Chapter 7: Beyond Infrastructure: Europe, the USA and Canada on the Information Highway
Beyond Infrastructure: Europe, the USA and Canada on the Information Highway
A government's policy with regard to the mass media can be expressed according to different degrees of state intervention: freedom of opinion and state control are the two poles between which all policy options are to be found. Traditionally, the only choice has been between three options: free speech, a partially regulated framework, and ‘the voice of the government’ as was seen in the early days of television. In Western democracies policies regarding the print media are based on the liberal ‘freedom of expression’ paradigm. Conversely, the partially regulatory paradigm still dominates policy as far as the audiovisual media are concerned.
Cyberspace looks set to ...