Information and communication technologies are said to be transforming urban life dramatically and bringing about rapid economic and cultural globalization. This book explores the many fascinating and urgent issues involved by relating advanced theoretical debates to practical matters of communication with cultural policy. It maps out a range of ‘optimistic’ and ‘pessimistic’ scenarios with special regard to various forms of inequality, particularly class, gender and geo-political inequalities. The sheer pace of change is difficult to track yet the expert contributors to this volume all offer insights and essential guidance to what is going on. There are chapters on urban planning, virtual cities and actual cities, economic and political policy, and critical social analysis of current trends that are of momentous consequence.
The book concludes that neither technological determinism nor economic determinism satisfactorily account for information and communication technologies and urban development. Instead, it is necessary to bring together a number of differently informing approaches, cultural, economic, political and technological, to make sense of a field of dynamic and contradictory forces.
Chapter 6: XS 4 All? ‘Information Society’ Policy and Practice in the European Union
XS 4 All? ‘Information Society’ Policy and Practice in the European Union
Undoubtedly, the dramatic development of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in recent decades has had a profound impact upon many areas of activity in the member states of the European Union. In the past few years, however, there has been a noticeable increase in policy emphasis on the importance of ICTs for the future prosperity and well-being of the Union which has largely grown out of a heightened awareness of the economic, social and political possibilities engendered by advances in networking technologies and a greater dissemination of ICTs throughout society at large. The development and implementation of ICTs in the European Union is ...