The ExCELL showed significant results for all students in participating classrooms, not just ELLsCan be used with all mainstream and bilingual teachers in grades 6-12Helps ELLs learn and use content-specific vocabulary and technical terms

After Initial Reading

6 After initial reading

The idea of teaching disciplinary literacy is quite different from the long-promoted content area literacy teaching. The latter has often championed the disciplinary literacy notion, but the result has been an emphasis on general comprehension skills and study skills, rather than apprenticing young readers into reading like disciplinary experts. K-W-L, three-level guides, Frayer model, 4-squares, etc., are all great teaching tools—they can enhance kids learning from text, but you are unlikely to find chemists or historians who use those approaches in their work. Thus, content area reading aims to build better students, while disciplinary literacy tries to get them to grasp the ways literacy is used to create, disseminate, and analyze information in the various disciplines.

—Shanahan ...
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