The ExCELL showed significant results for all students in participating classrooms, not just ELLsCan be used with all mainstream and bilingual teachers in grades 6-12Helps ELLs learn and use content-specific vocabulary and technical terms

Planning Lessons Using a Research-Based Design

2 Planning lessons using a research-based design

The literacy constructs described in Chapter 4 were incorporated into a 12-component instructional template that mainstream and ESL/ELD teachers piloted and continue to refine in the various iterations of ExC-ELL (Expediting Comprehension for English Language Learners) in different parts of the country. It was based on research and practice on second-language acquisition, reading comprehension, and writing skills development. Chapter 9 describes the parallel research on teacher efficacy, collective efficacy, and the professional development (PD) design.

Second-Language Learning

The strategies and programs in secondary schools that include reading comprehension strategies have been effective for the most part with mainstream students. A few programs have been widely tested with EL populations, but mainly with one or ...

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