- Subject index
This book of structured activities for use in teaching about culture, ethnicity and diversity comprises easy-to-use classroom and training exercises that are both engaging to participants and effective as learning tools. The contributors offer tools to those teachers and trainers who strive to increase understanding of and communication between ethnic and racial groups. The book is arranged so that users may easily draw upon the activities to involve students and bring abstract concepts into the realm of the students' own experiences.
Chapter 9: The Distribution of Rewards
The Distribution of Rewards
Individualism and collectivism are the most widely called on constructs V in explaining cultural differences (see Hofstede, 1980, 1991; Triandis, 1990, 1995). Individualism has been associated with many northern and western regions of Europe, America (north of the Rio Grande, especially the United States), and Australia. Cultures in Asia, Africa, South America, and the Pacific Island region have been identified with collectivism (Markus & Kitayama, 1991; Triandis, 1995). Although it is common to classify cultures according to the relative emphasis placed on individual and group goals, it is important to keep in mind individual differences within cultures as well. Overall, there are four major areas that are relevant. First, collectivists define themselves as parts or aspects ...