This book of structured activities for use in teaching about culture, ethnicity and diversity comprises easy-to-use classroom and training exercises that are both engaging to participants and effective as learning tools. The contributors offer tools to those teachers and trainers who strive to increase understanding of and communication between ethnic and racial groups. The book is arranged so that users may easily draw upon the activities to involve students and bring abstract concepts into the realm of the students' own experiences.
Chapter 20: Ethnic Identity Development
Ethnic Identity Development
For many individuals from diverse backgrounds, questions arise as to how I they develop an integrated sense of self that is inclusive of both their cultural background and mainstream culture. Since an integrated ethnic identity is believed to precede bicultural competence (Zuniga, 1988), understanding the process and components of ethnic identification is valuable and may also help prevent numerous psychological dysfunctions related to identity confusion (Sommers, 1960; Wong-Rieger & Taylor, 1981). This chapter introduces and describes an interactive exercise that facilitates student exploration and examination of their own and others' ethnic identity development.
Phinney and Alipuria (1987) define ethnic identity as “an individual's sense of self as a member of an ethnic group and the attitudes and behaviors associated with ...