This book of structured activities for use in teaching about culture, ethnicity and diversity comprises easy-to-use classroom and training exercises that are both engaging to participants and effective as learning tools. The contributors offer tools to those teachers and trainers who strive to increase understanding of and communication between ethnic and racial groups. The book is arranged so that users may easily draw upon the activities to involve students and bring abstract concepts into the realm of the students' own experiences.
Chapter 19: Creating Nationalisms
Writers on ethnicity and nationalism are prolific—these are two themes of great concern in the current state of small, isolated conflicts that nevertheless have devastating physical and economic effects in such countries as Northern Ireland, Bosnia, Afghanistan, and elsewhere. Seminal thinkers in this area are Deutsch (1966), Kedourie (1966), Fishman (Fishman, Gertner, Lowy, & Milan (1985), and Weinreich (1985), to name a few.
There are many forms of nationalism: organic/political, democratic/ authoritarian, rational/irrational, and so on (Fishman et al., 1985). Although the term implies a nation state, it may also stand for ethnicity because the term nation is often synonymous with an ethnic group (e.g., Jews, Arabs, the nation of Islam). Moreover, irredentists wishing to reclaim a territory for themselves (e.g., Serbs in ...