This book of structured activities for use in teaching about culture, ethnicity and diversity comprises easy-to-use classroom and training exercises that are both engaging to participants and effective as learning tools. The contributors offer tools to those teachers and trainers who strive to increase understanding of and communication between ethnic and racial groups. The book is arranged so that users may easily draw upon the activities to involve students and bring abstract concepts into the realm of the students' own experiences.
Chapter 15: Behavioral Patterns of Horizontal and Vertical Individualism and Collectivism
Behavioral Patterns of Horizontal and Vertical Individualism and Collectivism
Individualism and collectivism are often treated as two distinct cultural patterns. An alternative view, offered by Triandis (1995), is that individualism and collectivism are polythetic constructs. As in zoology, where, for instance, a “bird” is defined by two attributes (e.g., feathers and wings) and hundreds of species of birds are defined by other attributes, so individualism and collectivism may be defined by four attributes (see Chapter 9 in this volume), and different species of these constructs (e.g., Korean and Japanese collectivism) can be defined by additional attributes.
One important attribute or distinction that should be taken into account when examining effects of individualism and collectivism is whether ...