Provides professional guidance for practitioners in educational support roles, and offers tools and strategies for working confidently with pupils from across the autistic spectrum.

Autistic Spectrum Disorders Basics

Autistic spectrum disorders basics

This chapter looks at the historical overview of the diagnosis of autistic spectrum disorders and the key defining features of the condition.

The condition of autistic spectrum disorders is one that has had an array of other names (most with the term ‘autism’ mentioned somewhere) throughout its relatively short diagnostic lifespan. The conditions of autism and also of Asperger syndrome were formally delineated in the mid-1940s by two separate Austrian medical practitioners: Leo Kanner, a child psychiatrist, and Hans Asperger, a paediatrician. This does not mean, however, that the condition has only existed since that time. It is possible that autism o its characteristics have existed through time, (Frith, 1989; Waltz, 2005).

Currently, we recognize the work of both Kanner, ...

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