Five sections cover education policy, professional skills, theory, practice and reflection. The authors provide teaching ideas that work, and that will help trainee teachers to improve their grades and lesson observation profiles. There is a clear explanation of the theoretical underpinning that must be grasped in order to pass written assignments, and Masters level debates are addressed throughout the book, with a dedicated chapter exploring academic themes and issues.

Educational Achievement and Underachievement

Educational achievement and underachievement


By the end of this chapter the reader will able to:

  • identify patterns and trends in educational achievement related to class, gender and ethnicity;
  • understand the significance of the concepts of ‘inclusion’ and ‘exclusion’;
  • comprehend why ‘inclusion’ and special educational needs (SEN) are inseparable concepts;
  • distinguish between in-school and out-of-school explanations for educational underachievement;
  • understand the impact of poverty on educational attainment.

What are the Patterns and Trends?

It is easy to assume that because Britain is considered to be a multicultural society there must be a relatively meritocratic education system, that is, one that offers equal chances to all within it. On closer examination another picture arises where huge differences exist in educational performance in terms of class, gender ...

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