Presenting fully integrative text covering disability from a variety of disciplines
This innovative text first reviews existing theories, then sets forth a new viewpoint that incorporates elements from disability studies, sociology, human services, rehabilitation counseling, and public health. Authors Elizabeth DePoy and Stephen French Gilson explore the history of disability with a focus on both Western and non-Western cultures, examine the historical conceptions of disability and how they have affected the lives and civil rights of the disabled, and explore a wide range of both classic and new and emerging theories. The book concludes with a section on application of theory to practice and policy in the professional and public realm and the recommendation of a socially just community.
Chapter 8: Categorical Explanations
In this chapter, we establish the foundation for examining theories that explain humans as members of categories currently and most commonly referred to under the umbrella of human diversity. This theoretical genre is of particular importance to disability given the effort on the part of Disability Studies scholars and activists to align disability with civil and human rights efforts that seek to eliminate categorical oppression and inequality. In previous scholarship, we divided our discussion on categorical explanations into two parts, category membership on the basis of interior characteristics and category membership on the basis of exterior context (DePoy & Gilson, 2007). This distinction illuminates the worth hierarchy of categories because it is typically assumed that one can move more freely in and ...