Presenting fully integrative text covering disability from a variety of disciplines
This innovative text first reviews existing theories, then sets forth a new viewpoint that incorporates elements from disability studies, sociology, human services, rehabilitation counseling, and public health. Authors Elizabeth DePoy and Stephen French Gilson explore the history of disability with a focus on both Western and non-Western cultures, examine the historical conceptions of disability and how they have affected the lives and civil rights of the disabled, and explore a wide range of both classic and new and emerging theories. The book concludes with a section on application of theory to practice and policy in the professional and public realm and the recommendation of a socially just community.
Chapter 6: Longitudinal Explanations
Of particular importance to understanding contemporary disability legitimacy from a medical-diagnostic perspective are longitudinal theories. By themselves or with other genres of theory such as interior environment frameworks, these conceptual approaches to describing and explaining human activity, appearance, and experience have been operative in parsing populations into binaries of normal and not-normal, that can then be translated into disabled and nondisabled. Most frequently referred to as developmental, stage, phase, and life-course theories, we prefer to refer to this genre as longitudinal to reflect the common characteristic, the role of chronological time and maturation as descriptive and explanatory of humans. Some longitudinal theories posit specific stages through which individuals pass and must negotiate, while others see chronological maturation as a fluid process without ...