Presenting fully integrative text covering disability from a variety of disciplines
This innovative text first reviews existing theories, then sets forth a new viewpoint that incorporates elements from disability studies, sociology, human services, rehabilitation counseling, and public health. Authors Elizabeth DePoy and Stephen French Gilson explore the history of disability with a focus on both Western and non-Western cultures, examine the historical conceptions of disability and how they have affected the lives and civil rights of the disabled, and explore a wide range of both classic and new and emerging theories. The book concludes with a section on application of theory to practice and policy in the professional and public realm and the recommendation of a socially just community.
Chapter 3: Disability in the 20th and 21st Centuries: Medical Condition, Construction, or Commodity
Disability in the 20th and 21st Centuries: Medical Condition, Construction, or Commodity
In Chapter 2, we looked back at the history of disability from early civilizations through the beginning of the 20th century. We noted the linguistic friction caused by referring to past phenomena with contemporary terms (Nancy, 2008). While disability lexicon in the 20th and 21st centuries in the United States becomes somewhat more familiar to us, we find a new challenge brought about by global diversity of language and conceptualizations of difference. And so we continue to ask you to bear with us as we analyze and discuss disability using contemporary intellectual and linguistic tools from Western civilizations.
As we enter the 20th ...