Presenting fully integrative text covering disability from a variety of disciplines
This innovative text first reviews existing theories, then sets forth a new viewpoint that incorporates elements from disability studies, sociology, human services, rehabilitation counseling, and public health. Authors Elizabeth DePoy and Stephen French Gilson explore the history of disability with a focus on both Western and non-Western cultures, examine the historical conceptions of disability and how they have affected the lives and civil rights of the disabled, and explore a wide range of both classic and new and emerging theories. The book concludes with a section on application of theory to practice and policy in the professional and public realm and the recommendation of a socially just community.
Chapter 2: Looking Back: Ancient Greece through the 19th Century
Looking Back: Ancient Greece through the 19th Century
As early as ancient civilizations (Chahira, 2006), there is documentation of a range of responses to “the atypical human” from fascination to revulsion (Barrett, n.d.; Longmore & Umansky, 2001a). Examining images and text historically is always an interpretative practice; thus, we urge the reader to consider that our interpretations are made on the interpretations of others. However, the benefit of looking at history without assuming its truth value gives us a two-way, opaque, but important window on how civilizations responded to embodied difference and how our own interpretation of that response foregrounds the values and prejudices that undergird our 21st-century stance (Cohen & Weiss, 2003; Rose, 2003). In this chapter, ...