Presenting fully integrative text covering disability from a variety of disciplines
This innovative text first reviews existing theories, then sets forth a new viewpoint that incorporates elements from disability studies, sociology, human services, rehabilitation counseling, and public health. Authors Elizabeth DePoy and Stephen French Gilson explore the history of disability with a focus on both Western and non-Western cultures, examine the historical conceptions of disability and how they have affected the lives and civil rights of the disabled, and explore a wide range of both classic and new and emerging theories. The book concludes with a section on application of theory to practice and policy in the professional and public realm and the recommendation of a socially just community.
Chapter 14: Legitimate Social Science Responses
Legitimate Social Science Responses
This chapter examines how diverse social science disciplines legitimate and respond to disability. We begin with a definition of social sciences. The Free Dictionary (Farlex, 2010e) defines social science as:
- The study of human society and of individual relationships in and to society.
- A scholarly or scientific discipline that deals with such study, generally regarded as including sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, political science, and history.
Considering that history is listed as a humanities and psychology is included in the professions, the distinction between these two divisions is not always clear. However, a major difference lies in epistemology, as social science scholars use systematic, evidence-based inquiry rather than sole reliance on tools (such as language analysis and logic) to support ...