Presenting fully integrative text covering disability from a variety of disciplines
This innovative text first reviews existing theories, then sets forth a new viewpoint that incorporates elements from disability studies, sociology, human services, rehabilitation counseling, and public health. Authors Elizabeth DePoy and Stephen French Gilson explore the history of disability with a focus on both Western and non-Western cultures, examine the historical conceptions of disability and how they have affected the lives and civil rights of the disabled, and explore a wide range of both classic and new and emerging theories. The book concludes with a section on application of theory to practice and policy in the professional and public realm and the recommendation of a socially just community.
Chapter 12: Who is a Legitimate Category Member?
Who is a Legitimate Category Member?
In this chapter, we analyze how diverse theories discussed in Part II shape and thus legitimize membership criteria in the grand category of disability, and frame response. For each theory genre, we unpack values inherent within the theories themselves as the basis for understanding how categories of human diversity are allocated and located along axiological continua. We then situate theory in disciplinary fields as they relate to disability in preparation for subsequent chapters.
Following the sequence in which theory genres were discussed in Part II, we begin our discussion with longitudinal theories as they remain omnipotent in shaping and explaining expectations and thus responses to disability.
Although longitudinal theories are diverse in their foci and ...