Presenting fully integrative text covering disability from a variety of disciplines
This innovative text first reviews existing theories, then sets forth a new viewpoint that incorporates elements from disability studies, sociology, human services, rehabilitation counseling, and public health. Authors Elizabeth DePoy and Stephen French Gilson explore the history of disability with a focus on both Western and non-Western cultures, examine the historical conceptions of disability and how they have affected the lives and civil rights of the disabled, and explore a wide range of both classic and new and emerging theories. The book concludes with a section on application of theory to practice and policy in the professional and public realm and the recommendation of a socially just community.
Chapter 1: Foundations
The Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (2010c) defines foundations as structures, principles, tenets, or axioms on which to build. Because strong foundations create sound scaffolding for the development of thinking and theory, the chapters in Section 1 look back in history to provide a chronological set of ideas and structures on which to ground current analyses of disability. However, foundations are not static or monistic. The theoretical lenses through which we look back influence not only what we see but also how we interpret and then use our observations to make sense of knowledge and to guide how we apply learning to diverse contexts.
In this chapter, we briefly introduce you to the language and theory through which we analyze disability past, present, and future: Explanatory Legitimacy ...