This concise and practical guide thoroughly presents the characteristics of children with specific mild exceptionalities in today's diverse classroom. Using an active, problem-solving approach that reflects how today's students learn, Dr. Sydney S. Zentall identifies the characteristics of children with mild exceptionalities that can be gleaned from observations, written descriptions, and personal interactions. Unlike many texts on this topic, which overwhelm students with extraneous information, The text focuses on the characteristics of these students within general education and special class settings. With this knowledge readers will better understand the implications of characteristics for accommodations and be ready to apply this knowledge with empirically based interventions.

Motor Disabilities

Motor disabilities

The first part of this chapter presents a discussion of disorders involving gross motor skills and disorders involving the smallest motor muscles of articulation. The more common fine motor disorder of dysgraphia is then addressed, and finally Tourette's syndrome is discussed.

Figure 15.1 A Child with Developmental Coordination Disorder who Struggles to Control his Large Muscles

Developmental Coordination Disorder and Dyspraxia

DCD: Developmental coordination disorder.

Formal Identification

DCD is a failure to acquire both gross and fine movements (Kirby & Sugden, 2007). Assessment of motor difficulties can be made with the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (for a review, see Kirby & Sugden, 2007).



IDEA defines speech disorders (apraxia/dyspraxia) as communication disorders (see Chapter 3):

Speech or language impairment means a communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, ...

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