Stress and Health: Biological and Psychological Interactions is a brief and accessible examination of psychological stress and its psychophysiological relationships with cognition, emotions, brain functions, and the peripheral mechanisms by which the body is regulated. Updated throughout, the Third Edition covers two new and significant areas of emerging research: how our early life experiences alter key stress responsive systems at the level of gene expression; and what large, normal, and small stress responses may mean for our overall health and well-being.
Chapter 7: The Immune System Stress and Behavior
The Immune System Stress and Behavior
- Understand that the immune response involves the means to fight off invasion by foreign organisms or overcome pathology in the body’s own cells. Specialized immune system organs, cells, and messengers orchestrate this process.
- Learn that immune organs are innervated by the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. Immune system cells respond to cortisol and epinephrine.
- Review work showing that alterations in autonomic outflow or in endocrine function can enhance or impair immune system function.
- Understand how emotions and stress-related changes in autonomic and endocrine function can alter the ability of the immune system to carry out its functions.
Since Selye’s (Selye, 1936) earliest work, we have known that high levels of cortisol occurring during states of stress ...