• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Stress and Health: Biological and Psychological Interactions is a brief and accessible examination of psychological stress and its psychophysiological relationships with cognition, emotions, brain functions, and the peripheral mechanisms by which the body is regulated. Updated throughout, the Third Edition covers two new and significant areas of emerging research: how our early life experiences alter key stress responsive systems at the level of gene expression; and what large, normal, and small stress responses may mean for our overall health and well-being.

Individual Differences in Reactivity to Stress
Individual Differences in Reactivity to Stress
Chapter objectives
  • Develop an appreciation for stress reactivity as an individual difference variable that can have normative levels, exaggerated levels, or diminished levels.
  • Consider the possibility that departures from normal in either the exaggerated or diminished direction may signal systems dysregulation.
  • Individual differences in stress reactivity may derive from responsivity at three levels in the system: frontal-limbic interactions, hypothalamic and brainstem processes, and peripheral organs and tissues.
  • Exaggerated reactivity provides evidence that the system is operating out of the normal range and therefore is altered by underlying disease or disease risk.

We have all seen how differently people respond to stress. Not just in their initial reactions but also in their ability to cope, and even in their ...

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