Stress and Health: Biological and Psychological Interactions, Second Edition examines the biological links between our emotions and changes in our health. Author William R. Lovallo provides an introduction to the concept of psychological stress, its physiological manifestations, and its effects on health and disease. The book concentrates on the psychophysiological relationship between cognitions, emotions, brain functions, and the peripheral mechanisms by which the body is regulated. Stress and Health is the only book on the biology of psychological stress for students and researchers in the behavioral sciences.

Helplessness, Coping, and Health

Helplessness, coping, and health

In Chapter 6, we presented Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) model of the psychological stress response. That model emphasized perceived control over the environment as a critical determinant of the psychological impact of events. We will now discuss the physiological effects of extreme loss of control in animal and human studies. These form a basis for thinking about the more limited loss of control people often experience as they encounter events in daily life. We will consider two major brainstem systems that may mediate widespread influences of severe stress on emotions, sympathetic outflow, and health. These are the noradrenergic locus ceruleus system and the serotonergic raphe nuclei. Considering the effects of perceived loss of control will add a dimension ...

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