Stress and Health: Biological and Psychological Interactions, Second Edition examines the biological links between our emotions and changes in our health. Author William R. Lovallo provides an introduction to the concept of psychological stress, its physiological manifestations, and its effects on health and disease. The book concentrates on the psychophysiological relationship between cognitions, emotions, brain functions, and the peripheral mechanisms by which the body is regulated. Stress and Health is the only book on the biology of psychological stress for students and researchers in the behavioral sciences.
Chapter 7: Stress and the Endocrine System
Stress and the Endocrine System
The previous chapter discussed central nervous system origins of psychological stress responses. This picture is incomplete without a consideration of central regulation of endocrine functions, endocrine outflow, and especially the effects of endocrine feedback during and after responses to acute stressors. We focus here on the two primary stress hormones, cortisol and epinephrine. These act in concert with all the peripheral components of the acute response to stress, play key roles in how the central nervous system is influenced in reaction to stress responses, and ultimately shape our long-term responsivity to stress. In this discussion, we deal with controls over outgoing stress endocrine messengers, endocrine feedback to the central nervous system, long-term regulation of the stress ...