Stress and Health: Biological and Psychological Interactions, Second Edition examines the biological links between our emotions and changes in our health. Author William R. Lovallo provides an introduction to the concept of psychological stress, its physiological manifestations, and its effects on health and disease. The book concentrates on the psychophysiological relationship between cognitions, emotions, brain functions, and the peripheral mechanisms by which the body is regulated. Stress and Health is the only book on the biology of psychological stress for students and researchers in the behavioral sciences.
Chapter 5: Physical and Psychological Stress
Physical and Psychological Stress
To consider the possible effects of long-term stress on the body, we should first examine the acute changes that occur during brief periods of stress. This information helps answer our original question about how ideas can have power over the body and how stress mechanisms can affect disease processes. To do so, we will consider stress reactions that originate from physical causes or that begin as psychological responses.
We might ask what reason there is to distinguish between psychological and physical stress. Because of our interest in psychological aspects of stress, we examine these representative stressors in terms of the top-down versus bottom-up nature of their activational properties. At one extreme is physical exercise, which produces pronounced cardiovascular and ...