Stress and Health: Biological and Psychological Interactions, Second Edition examines the biological links between our emotions and changes in our health. Author William R. Lovallo provides an introduction to the concept of psychological stress, its physiological manifestations, and its effects on health and disease. The book concentrates on the psychophysiological relationship between cognitions, emotions, brain functions, and the peripheral mechanisms by which the body is regulated. Stress and Health is the only book on the biology of psychological stress for students and researchers in the behavioral sciences.
Chapter 11: Individual Differences in Reactivity to Stress
Individual Differences in Reactivity to Stress
We have all seen how differently people respond to stress, not just in their initial reactions, but also in their ability to cope, and even in their physiological responses. We might say that the subject of individual differences is what makes the study of stress so interesting. This chapter will discuss some ways to divide the topic of stress reactivity that will help organize results of existing research and potentially identify gaps in our knowledge. To organize our discussion of individual differences in stress reactivity, we will draw on the material in Chapters 6, 7, and 10. Using the model that physiological functioning has a layered hierarchy of controls, we will describe three major ...