Many of today's nonprofit health and human service organizations are developing coalitions, mergers, and other types of interorganizational alliances. These newly formed partnerships are created to gain a greater capacity within the organization and establish community-driven initiatives. While new strategies can enhance the scope and quality of organizations, they may also represent organizations own survival.
Through well-developed examples, this book examines the formation and maintenance of strategic alliances. From the motives that lead organizations to form relationships, to practical tips on how to sustain, recreate, and end partnerships, this text is a useful reference for both beginners and seasoned practitioners.
Chapter 5: Federations and Associations
Federations and Associations
Federations and associations are two related forms of coordinated alliances. In these alliances, member organizations centralize common functions such as fund-raising, planning, training, marketing, and/or advocacy. Federations and associations may be thought of as “umbrella” or “parent” bodies that coordinate core tasks for their members. The coordination of these tasks may be carried out more or less formally, with the more formal arrangement often creating an alliance office separate from the member organizations. The following excerpt from the definition of the Jewish Welfare Federation of Detroit illustrates the core concepts of the federation and association model, in this instance, with an emphasis on centralized fund-raising:
Federation is a partnership of agencies or services seeking financial support jointly through a central campaign. ...