Effective treatment and preparation for successful reintegration can be better achieved if the needs and risks of incarcerated offenders are taken into consideration by correctional practitioners and scholars. Special Needs Offenders in Correctional Institutions offers a unique opportunity to examine the different populations behind bars (e.g. chronically and mentally ill, homosexual, illegal immigrants, veterans, radicalized inmates, etc.), as well as their needs and the corresponding impediments for rehabilitation and reintegration. Author Lior Gideon takes a rehabilitative and reiterative approach to discuss and differentiate between the needs of these various categories of inmates, and provides in depth discussions-not available in other correctional texts-about the specific needs, risks and policy recommendations when working with present-day special needs offenders. Each chapter is followed by suggested readings and relevant websites that will enable readers to further enhance understanding of the issues and potential solutions discussed in the chapter. Further, each chapter has discussion questions specifically designed to promote class discussions. The text concludes with a theoretical framework for future policy implications and practices.
Chapter 8: Gay and Lesbian Inmates: Sexuality and Sexual Coercion behind Bars
Gay and Lesbian Inmates: Sexuality and Sexual Coercion behind Bars
Early prison literature sought to explain the development of prison culture. The conceptual models that were developed to explain inmate-on-inmate sexual activity in prison also were grounded in broader theoretical paradigms. The deprivation model emphasizes how the pains of imprisonment affect prison adjustment (Sykes, 1958). Inmates suffer from many forms of deprivation, including the deprivation of liberty, goods and services, autonomy, security, and heterosexual activity. In other words, the deprivation model holds that much of inmate behavior can be explained because of the nature of the prison environment itself. In contrast, the importation model focuses on behaviors prior to prison and argues inmate ...