Effective treatment and preparation for successful reintegration can be better achieved if the needs and risks of incarcerated offenders are taken into consideration by correctional practitioners and scholars. Special Needs Offenders in Correctional Institutions offers a unique opportunity to examine the different populations behind bars (e.g. chronically and mentally ill, homosexual, illegal immigrants, veterans, radicalized inmates, etc.), as well as their needs and the corresponding impediments for rehabilitation and reintegration. Author Lior Gideon takes a rehabilitative and reiterative approach to discuss and differentiate between the needs of these various categories of inmates, and provides in depth discussions-not available in other correctional texts-about the specific needs, risks and policy recommendations when working with present-day special needs offenders. Each chapter is followed by suggested readings and relevant websites that will enable readers to further enhance understanding of the issues and potential solutions discussed in the chapter. Further, each chapter has discussion questions specifically designed to promote class discussions. The text concludes with a theoretical framework for future policy implications and practices.
Chapter 2: Juveniles behind Bars
Juveniles behind Bars
Johnny, 15, breathed a sigh of relief as he stood before the judge in a juvenile courtroom. He narrowly avoided being certified as an adult for his role in the aggravated robbery of a store clerk in his poverty stricken neighborhood. The judge took into account that Johnny is a first-time offender and committed him to a juvenile facility for 12 months. Johnny's mother, Shirley, sat in the back of the courtroom with her head held low during the hearing. She is a single, working mother with four children. At the time of the incident, Shirley was at her part-time job. Johnny was to babysit his siblings, but he chose to sneak out to visit with friends.