Effective treatment and preparation for successful reintegration can be better achieved if the needs and risks of incarcerated offenders are taken into consideration by correctional practitioners and scholars. Special Needs Offenders in Correctional Institutions offers a unique opportunity to examine the different populations behind bars (e.g. chronically and mentally ill, homosexual, illegal immigrants, veterans, radicalized inmates, etc.), as well as their needs and the corresponding impediments for rehabilitation and reintegration. Author Lior Gideon takes a rehabilitative and reiterative approach to discuss and differentiate between the needs of these various categories of inmates, and provides in depth discussions-not available in other correctional texts-about the specific needs, risks and policy recommendations when working with present-day special needs offenders. Each chapter is followed by suggested readings and relevant websites that will enable readers to further enhance understanding of the issues and potential solutions discussed in the chapter. Further, each chapter has discussion questions specifically designed to promote class discussions. The text concludes with a theoretical framework for future policy implications and practices.
Chapter 15: Homeland Security and the Inmate Population: The Risk and Reality of Islamic Radicalization in Prison
Homeland Security and the Inmate Population: The Risk and Reality of Islamic Radicalization in Prison
Since 9/11, commentators and policy makers have expressed alarm about an emerging threat within the prison systems of the West—a threat of terrorist attacks carried out by radicalized inmates released into society. Prisons are said to be a “fertile ground for extremists” (Mueller, 2006), to offer a dangerous “intermingling” of terrorist networks and criminals (Cuthbertson, 2004, p. 15), to constitute part of an “international network of subversion, conversion, and recruitment. (Kushner, 2004, p. 41)
These concerns reflect a fear that prison inmates are particularly vulnerable to radicalization, a process through which individuals are exposed ...