Effective treatment and preparation for successful reintegration can be better achieved if the needs and risks of incarcerated offenders are taken into consideration by correctional practitioners and scholars. Special Needs Offenders in Correctional Institutions offers a unique opportunity to examine the different populations behind bars (e.g. chronically and mentally ill, homosexual, illegal immigrants, veterans, radicalized inmates, etc.), as well as their needs and the corresponding impediments for rehabilitation and reintegration. Author Lior Gideon takes a rehabilitative and reiterative approach to discuss and differentiate between the needs of these various categories of inmates, and provides in depth discussions-not available in other correctional texts-about the specific needs, risks and policy recommendations when working with present-day special needs offenders. Each chapter is followed by suggested readings and relevant websites that will enable readers to further enhance understanding of the issues and potential solutions discussed in the chapter. Further, each chapter has discussion questions specifically designed to promote class discussions. The text concludes with a theoretical framework for future policy implications and practices.
Chapter 12: Incarcerated Veterans
Each night some 225,000 military veterans can be found in jails and prisons (correctional facilities) throughout the United States (Mumola & Noonan, 2008), representing approximately 10% of the overall inmate population.
Each year an estimated 28,900 to 56,300 veterans will be released from state and federal prisons (differing estimates based on, for example, types of offenses and time served). Many have served in wartime, and of those who were in combat, battle scars are not uncommon. Regardless of whether in combat or not, each incarcerated veteran carries with him or her a military history and a sense of service to the country. As this subgroup of the general inmate population is to be more fully understood by institutional and reentry service ...