Spaces of Culture: City, Nation, World
Publication Year: 1999
In Spaces of Culture an international group of scholars examines the implications of questions such as: What is culture? What is the relationship between social structure and culture in a globalized and networked world? Do critical perspectives still apply, or does the speed and complexity of cultural production demand new forms of analysis? They explore the key themes in social theory: the nation state; the city; modernity and reflexivity; post-Fordism and the spatial logic of the informational city. The contributors go on to analyze the public sphere, questioning the reductive representation of technology as a form of instrumentality, and demonstrating how new technologies can offer new spaces of culture. This analys
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
Part I: Technological Space
- Chapter 1: Growth and Failure: The New Political Economy and Its Culture
- Chapter 2: Simulated Sovereignty, Telematic Territoriality: The Political Economy of Cyberspace
- Chapter 3: Digital Networks and Power
Part II: Cultural Mapping
- Chapter 4: The Postmodern Urban Condition
- Chapter 5: Roaming the City: Proper Women in Improper Places
Part III: Reflexive Space
- Chapter 6: Not All That is Solid Melts into Air: Modernity and Contingency
- Chapter 7: Moving Culture
- Chapter 8: Radiated Identities: In Pursuit of the Temporal Complexity of Conceptual Cultural Practices
Part IV: Cartographies of Nation
- Chapter 9: Triumphalist Geographies
- Chapter 10: The Anti-Reflexivist Revolution: On the Affirmationism of the New Right
Part V: Transcultural Place
Theory, Culture & Society[Page ii]
Theory, Culture & Society caters for the resurgence of interest in culture within contemporary social science and the humanities. Building on the heritage of classical social theory, the book series examines ways in which this tradition has been reshaped by a new generation of theorists. It also publishes theoretically informed analyses of everyday life, popular culture and new intellectual movements.
EDITOR: Mike Featherstone, Nottingham Trent University
SERIES EDITORIAL BOARD
Roy Boyne, University of Durham
Mike Hepworth, University of Aberdeen
Scott Lash, Goldsmiths College, University of London
Roland Robertson, University of Pittsburgh
Bryan S. Turner, University of Cambridge
THE TCS CENTRE
The Theory, Culture & Society book series, the journals Theory, Culture & Society and Body & Society, and related conference, seminar and postgraduate programmes operate from the TCS Centre at Nottingham Trent University. For further details of the TCS Centre's activities please contact:
The TCS Centre, Room 175
Faculty of Humanities
Nottingham Trent University
Clifton Lane, Nottingham, NG11 8NS, UK
Recent volumes include:
Simmel on Culture: Selected Writings
edited by David Frisby and Mike Featherstone
Towards a Theory of Abstract Community
Phil Macnaghten and John Urry
The Consumer Society
Myths and Structures
Georges Bataille – Essential Writings
edited by Michael Richardson
Ambivalence, Reflexivity and Morality
Editorial selection, Preface and Introduction © Mike Featherstone and Scott Lash 1999
Chapter 1 © Richard Sennett 1999
Chapter 2 © Timothy W. Luke 1999
Chapter 3 © Saskia Sassen 1999
Chapter 4 © Michael Dear and Steven Flusty 1999
Chapter 5 © Hilary Radner 1999
Chapter 6 © Heidrun Friese and Peter Wagner 1999
Chapter 7 © Ron Eyerman 1999
Chapter 8 © Barbara Adam 1999
Chapter 9 © Michael J. Shapiro 1999
Chapter 10 © Göran Dahl 1999
Chapter 11 © Wolfgang Welsch 1999
Chapter 12 © Boaventura de Sousa Santos 1999
Chapter 13 © Jonathan Friedman 1999
Chapter 14 © Couze Venn 1999
Published in association with Theory, Culture & Society, Nottingham Trent University
First published 1999
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without permission in writing from the Publishers.
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British Library Cataloguing in Publication data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
ISBN 0 7619 6121 6
ISBN 0 7619 6122 4 (pbk)
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Printed in Great Britain by The Cromwell Press Ltd, Trowbridge, Wiltshire
Barbara Adam is Reader in Social Theory at Cardiff University. She has published extensively on socio-environmental time and is the founding editor of Time and Society. Her first two books were awarded book prizes. Her latest monograph Timescapes of Modernity. The Environment and Invisible Hazards (1998) arises from research conducted during a two-year Fellowship under the British (ESRC) Global Environmental Change Research Programme.
Goran Dahl is Professor in Sociology at Lund University. His latest books are Psykoanalys och kulturkritik (Psychoanalysis and Cultural Criticism, 1992) and Radical Conservatism and the Future of Politics (1999). His recent research area is the New Right, fascism and radical conservatism in Europe and the USA. This project is funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary I Foundation.
Michael Dear is Director of the Southern California Studies Center and Professor of Geography at the University of Southern California. He has been a Guggenheim Fellow and a fellow at Stanford's Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and has won awards for creativity in research from the Association of American Geographers and the University of Southern California.
Ron Eyerman is Professor of Sociology at Uppsala University and at the Center for Cultural Research, V?xj? University. His latest books include Music and Social Movements (1998) and Between Culture and Politics (1994)
Mike Featherstone is Director of the Theory, Culture & Society Centre and Professor of Sociology and Communications at Nottingham Trent University, UK. He is founding editor of Theory, Culture & Society and the TCS Book Series. He is co-editor of the journal Body & Society. He is author of Consumer Culture and Postmodernism (1991) and Undoing Culture (1995). His edited and co-edited books include: Global Culture (1990), The Body (1991), Global Modernities (1995), Cyberspace/Cyberbodies/Cyberpunk (1995), Images of Ageing (1995), Simmel on Culture (1997) and Love and Eroticism (1999).
Steven Flusty is a doctoral student at the Department of Geography, University of Southern California, where he utilizes narrative commodity chains to investigate quotidian globalization. He has worked as consultant [Page viii]to numerous architects and public agencies, and his study of exclusionary urban design has been published by the Los Angeles Forum for Architecture and Urban Design under the title ‘Building paranoia: the proliferation of interdictory space and the erosion of spatial justice’.
Jonathan Friedman is Director d'Etudes at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris and Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Lund, Sweden. He has written on structuralism and Marxism, theories of social transformation, the imaginary, and more recently on global processes, cultural formations and the practice of identity. His books include, Modernity and Identity with S. Lash (eds) (1992), Cultural Identity and Global Process (1994), Consumption and Identity (ed.) (1994), System Structure and Contradiction in the Evolution of ‘Asiatic’ Social Formations (1998).
Heidrun Friese, Berlin and Warwick, has published widely on social constructions of time and history, the anthropology of science and on social imagination. Her publications include Lampedusa. Historische Anthropologie einer Insel (1996), Der Raum des Gelehrten. Eine Topographie akademischer Praxis (with Peter Wagner, 1993), and Identitäten (ed. with Aleida Assmanu, 1998).
Scott Lash is Professor of Sociology at Goldsmiths College, University of London. He is the author of Sociology of Postmodernism (1990), and coauthor of The End of Organized Capitalism (1987), Economies of Signs and Space (1993) and Reflexive Modernization (1994). He is co-editor of Risk, Environment and Modernity (1996).
Timothy W. Luke is Professor of Political Science at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in Blacksburg, Virginia. His most recent books are The Politics of Cyberspace (co-edited with Chris Toulouse, 1998) and Ecocritique: Contesting the Politics of Nature, Economy and Culture (1997).
Hilary Radner is Associate Professor in the Department of Film, Television and Theater at the University of Notre Dame, USA. She is the author of Shopping Around: Feminine Culture and the Pursuit of Pleasure (1995), and co-editor of Film Theory Goes to the Movies (with Jim Collins and Ava Preacher Collins, 1993), Constructing the New Consumer Society (with Pekka Sulkenen, John Holmwood and Gerhard Schulze, 1997) and Swinging Single: Representing Sexuality, the 1960s (with Moya Luckett, 1999).
Saskia Sassen is Professor of Sociology, University of Chicago and Visiting Centennial Professor, London School of Economics. Her most recent books are Globalization and its Discontents: Selected Essays 1984-1998. (1998) and Losing Control? Sovereignty in an Age of Globalization (1996). Her books have been translated into several languages. She has just completed Immigration Policy in the Global Economy: From National Crisis[Page ix]to Multilateral Management. She continues work on two projects, ‘Cities and their Crossborder Networks’ and ‘Governance and Accountability in a Global Economy.’ She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a Fellow of the American Bar Foundation.
Richard Sennett is Visiting Centennial Professor in the Department of Sociology at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is author of Flesh and Stone: The Conscience of the Eye and The Fall of Public Man.
Michael J. Shapiro is Professor of Political Science at the University of Hawaii. Among his recent publications are: Reading ‘Adam Smith’: Desire, History and Value (1993), Violent Cartographies: Mapping Cultures of War (1997) and Cinematic Political Thought: Narratives of Race, Nation and Gender (1999).
Boaventura de Sousa Santos is Professor of Sociology at the School of Economics at the University of Coimbra, Portugal, Director of the Center for Social Studies at the University of Coimbra, and Visiting Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. His research interests include political sociology and sociology of law, epistemology, sociology of culture, counter-hegemonic globalization and participatory democracy. His publications include O Pulsar da Revolução: Cronologia da Revolução de 25 de Abril 1973-1976 (1997), Macau: O Pequeníssimo Dragão (with Conceição Gomes, 1998) and La Globalización del Derecho: Los Nuevos Caminos de la Regulación y la Emancipación (1998).
Couze Venn teaches cultural studies and postcolonial theory at the University of East London and is a member of the editorial board of Theory, Culture & Society. His current research interests include the critique of modernity and postcoloniality, the theorization of subjectivity and the development of a critical phenomenology. He was a founder member of the influential journal Ideology & Consciousness. He is the coauthor of Changing the Subject (1984 and 1998), and has written on various aspects of postcoloniality and on Foucault. His forthcoming work is Occidentalism. Essays on Modernity and Subjectivity.
Peter Wagner, Florence and Warwick, works on themes of a sociology and history of modernity in terms of both social and political institutions and intellectual discourses. His publications include A Sociology of Modernity (1994), Der Raum des Gelehrten (with Heidrun Friese, 1993), Le travail et la nation (co-editor, 1998), Discourses on Society (co-editor, 1991).
Wolfgang Welsch is Professor of Philosophy at the Friedrich-Schiller University of Jena. Visiting Professorships include the University of Erlangen-Niirnberg (1987), the Free University of Berlin (1987-1988), Humboldt University of Berlin (1992-1993), Stanford University (19941995) and Emory University (1998). He received the Max Planck Research Award in 1992. His research interests include philosophy of culture, [Page x]epistemology, aesthetics and philosophy of the twentieth century. He is the author of Aisthesis. Grundzüge und Perspektiven der Aristotelischen Sinneslehre (1987), Unsere postmoderne Moderne (1987, 5th ed. 1997), Ästhetisches Denken (1990, 5th ed. 1998), Vernunft. Die zeitgenössische Vernunftkritik und das Konzept der transversalen Vernunft (1995), Grenzgänge derÄsthetik (1996), Undoing Aesthetics (1997). He has edited the volumes Wege aus der Moderne. Schlüsseltexte der Postmoderne-Diskussion (1989), Ästhetik im Widerstreit. Interventionen zum Werk von Jean-François Lyotard (1991), Die Aktualität des Ästhetischen (1993), Medien – Welten – Wirklichkeiten (1998).
The chapters in this volume are revised versions of papers initially presented at the second Theory, Culture & Society Conference on Culture and Identity: City/Nation/World, held at the Berlin Hilton in August 1995. We are very much aware that the conference could not have taken place without the organizational skills, patience and good humour of Hermann Schwengel. We would also like especially to thank: Barbara Cox, Lisa Gollogly and Ana Zahira Bassit, who worked non-stop on the conference desk to cope with double the number of people we anticipated attending. At the University of Teesside, Victoria Cave, Roy Boyne and other colleagues in the Centre for the Study of Adult Life were also very supportive. After the relocation of Theory, Culture & Society at Nottingham Trent University in May 1996, Wendy Patterson, Caroline Potter, Justin Reeson and Neal Curtis helped in various ways with the preparation of the volume. Other colleagues at the centre, especially Chris Rojek, Roger Bromley, John Tomlinson and Joost van Loon have also been very supportive. The next Theory, Culture & Society conference on Technological Culture is planned for Amsterdam in August 2000. Details of this and other TCS Network activities are available on the TCS homepage: http://firstname.lastname@example.org. Finally, we would like to thank our colleagues on the Theory, Culture & Society editorial board and associate editors list for all their help and support.[Page 1]