Society and Culture reclaims the classical heritage, provides a clear-eyed assessment of the promise of sociology in the 21st century and asks whether the `cultural turn' has made the study of society redundant. Sociologists have objected to the rise of cultural studies on the grounds that it produces cultural relativism and lacks a stable research agenda. This book looks at these criticisms and illustrates the relevance of a sociological perspective in the analysis of human practice. The book argues that the classical tradition must be treated as a living tradition, rather than a period piece. It analyzes the fundamental principles of belonging and conflict in society and provides a detailed critical survey of the p
Chapter 11: Conclusion: Sociology and Cosmopolitan Virtue
Conclusion: Sociology and Cosmopolitan Virtue
In this analysis of sociology and modern society we have been concerned to understand the dynamic between scarcity and renewal of solidarity in a world of rapid technological and scientific change. Our approach to the disciplinary divisions in the social sciences has been to argue that economics is the study of scarcity in human societies, that is a science of the allocation of means to the achievement of ends in a condition of limited resources. Whereas classical economics treated scarcity as a consequence of natural scarcity, classical sociology argued that the problem of scarcity was a social not a natural state of affairs: the solution of the problem of human scarcity was presumed to lie in ...