Society and Culture reclaims the classical heritage, provides a clear-eyed assessment of the promise of sociology in the 21st century and asks whether the `cultural turn' has made the study of society redundant. Sociologists have objected to the rise of cultural studies on the grounds that it produces cultural relativism and lacks a stable research agenda. This book looks at these criticisms and illustrates the relevance of a sociological perspective in the analysis of human practice. The book argues that the classical tradition must be treated as a living tradition, rather than a period piece. It analyzes the fundamental principles of belonging and conflict in society and provides a detailed critical survey of the p
Chapter 10: Solutions
From Edmund Burke to the new right, the central dilemma in conservative thought has been to defend a moral economy based upon structured economic inequality, in the midst of the historical tendency for economic plenty to rise. The allocation of surplus through principles of redistributive justice has been one of the primary impulses in critical thought. Many influential commentators now view this debate as old hat. For these commentators, structural transformations in the global economy, in particular the rise of flexibility, interdependence and real time accumulation, signal a paradigm shift in social and economic conditions. According to Beck (1999: 2), ‘a new kind of capitalism, a new kind of society and a new kind of personal life are coming into being, all of which ...