Social Psychology and Cultural Context is the first survey of social psychology to integrate cross-cultural issues. The book not only utilizes several variants of the construct of subjective culture but also reflects the current state of affairs in the social domain of cross-cultural psychology. Written by world-renowned specialists, the chapters in this volume offer valuable insights to students and researchers in both cross-cultural and social psychology.
Chapter 5: The Emergence of Cultural Patterns of Interpersonal Behavior
The Emergence of Cultural Patterns of Interpersonal Behavior
Recent approaches to the study of culture's influence on social behavior have emphasized cultural description on a number of distinct, if frequently correlated, dimensions that involve, among others, the notions of power, societal complexity, and role differentiation. The greatest amount of interest has focused on the cultural dimensions of individualism-collectivism (Hofstede, 1980; Triandis, 1989, 1995b) and its personality analogue, idiocentrism-allocentrism (Triandis, Leung, Villareal, & Clack, 1985).
An impressive amount of empirical evidence suggests that we can reliably distinguish cultures in which the individual derives the sense of self from, and is influenced primarily by, one or a few in-groups (collectivism) from cultures in which the individual conceives of ...