The social development approach seeks to integrate economic and social policies within a dynamic development process in order to achieve social welfare objectives. This first comprehensive textbook on the subject demonstrates that social development offers critically significant insights for the developed as well as the developing world. James Midgley describes the social development approach, traces its origins in developing countries, reviews theoretical issues in the field and analyzes different strategies in social development.
Chapter 3: Theoretical Debates
The last chapter showed that social development has been influenced by different historical events. The expansion of government social welfare in the nineteenth century, the creation of the welfare state, the adoption of economic planning and the efforts of colonial welfare administrators and officials at the United Nations in the 1950s and 1960s to link social policies with economic development all contributed to the emergence of the social development approach.
However, social development has also been significantly affected by theoretical ideas. Explanations of the nature and causes of social change, ideas about ways of intervening to guide the process of change, and beliefs about what comprises an ideal society have all influenced thinking about social development. These ideas form the basis of social ...